Bordetella & Influenza

Infectious tracheobronchitis (ITB)=”kennel cough” or “canine cough” is a persistent respiratory disease with a harsh, dry cough.  ITB is often caused by a viral infection complicated by Bordetella bronchiseptica, a bacteria.  Risk of ITB is increased if your dog is boarded, goes to the groomers, attends obedience training, goes to dog parks, lives in multi-dog household, visits the veterinarian, or has other dog-to-dog contact.  A bordetella vaccination is available and can decrease the risk of developing ITB.  The initial vaccination requires 2 doses of bordetella vaccine to be given 3 weeks apart and followed by annual revaccination.  Boarding facilities require vaccinations to be done completely prior to boarding.

Canine influenza is a newly emerging infectious disease caused by a “flu” virus.  In dogs, a highly contagious strain of influenza A which is known as H3N8 is able to cause respiratory infection.  Most common sign of canine influenza is cough.  About 80% of the dogs who show signs of influenza will have mild disease which includes low-grade fever, nasal discharge, lack of energy, loss of appetite, and a cough.  In about 20% of cases, more severe signs will occur.  These signs include high fever and pneumonia.  Dogs who attend obedience training, boarding facilities, grooming facilities, doggie daycare, or dog parks are at an increased risk for canine influenza.  There is a vaccine now available for canine influenza.  The initial vaccination requires 2 doses given 2-4 weeks apart.  This is followed by annual revaccination.  Boarding facilities require vaccinations to be done completely prior to boarding.

 

 

 

 

 

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